Signs and Tests
It is a normal practice for all children to be put under a regular medical examination in the very early period of their lives in order to make sure that there is nothing wrong with a kid’s development. Simple and commonly applied tests can reveal the problem on its early stages and propose further testing if there is anything wrong in the following spheres: a child have not started using any simple gestures by the time of they are 12 months. A normally developing child should babble at least something by 1 year and saying distinct single words by 1.5. Also, by the time they are 2 years old, kids start speaking in phrases that they produce spontaneously and not repeat simply after their parents and other people. One more alarming sing is when a child shows the signs of losing the skills he or she acquired be it social or communicative or both.
In case a child is showing the above mentioned symptoms, it is better to carry out additional tests such as blood lead test, hearing evaluation and also screening test for autism. It might be the Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT)] or the Autism Screening Questionnaire; in any case, the choice is defined by a kid’s therapist in accordance to every individual characteristics of a child.
The diagnosis is stated by the special doctor who specializes in treating autism. Basically, there is no such a test that can unequivocally diagnose a person with this condition. Generally, the final diagnosis is made with the reference to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual IV that describes the criteria of the disability.
There is a series of tests both physical and neurological that a person with autism like symptoms generally is directed to undergo. Among them are Pervasive Developmental Disorders Screening Test - Stage 3, CARS, or Childhood Autism rating Scale, Autism Diagnostic Interview - Revised (ADI-R) and Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) as well as Gilliam Autism Rating Scale. It is also common for the children that have suspicion for autism to be checked for chromosome abnormalities. Therefore, genetic and metabolic testing is also used.
The suspicion for autism occurs generally when a child starts having certain problems. However it is not necessarily that he or she will demonstrates all the range that is characteristic for the disability. Therefore, it is important to make a thorough and full evaluation in order to set a right diagnosis. That is why all the aspects such as communicative, language and motor skills, school performance, speech peculiarities and general thinking abilities should be taken into consideration.
It is also pretty frequent that parents are unwilling to put their child under examination even if they are advised so. The prejudice that their kid will be labeled as disabled scares them stiff and they make a big mistake not providing proper and timely care to the problem.